Phase Coordinates Method: An Example of Building a Network Model with Isolated Neutral

In addition to the previous article, we will consider an example of compiling a network model with isolated neutral. Consider the simplest power line with one-way power supply (Fig. 1). It is necessary to draw up a power transmission model that will give out currents and voltages at the beginning of the line in short circuit modes and in single-phase earth fault modes.

Insulated Neutral Power Line
Fig. 1. Consider an isolated neutral power line

As already mentioned, the main difficulty in constructing a network model with isolated neutral is that it is necessary to take into account the nonzero value of the potential at neutral points in the damage mode.

In fig. 2 shows the network diagram according to Fig. 1 described using the phase coordinate method.

An example of a circuit with isolated neutral in phase coordinates
Fig. 2. An example of a circuit with isolated neutral in phase coordinates

Direct transfer matrices are calculated using the already known algorithms presented earlier:

Scheme Fig. 2 can be represented in the form of an equivalent circuit (Fig. 3). The equivalent forward matrix is defined as

Aeqv = APSALine-AfALine+ALoad.

Equivalent Network Diagram
Fig. 3. Equivalent network scheme

To calculate the network, it is necessary to transform the direct transfer matrix into a matrix of the form Y. The scheme of the transformed network is shown in Fig. 4. The accepted directions of currents are indicated there, and E1 = EPS.

Network diagram with an equivalent matrix of form Y
Fig. 4. Network diagram with an equivalent matrix of form Y

For this scheme we can write the equations

We represent the equivalent conductivity matrix in the form


Then the equations of the scheme can be represented as


where from


Given that the sum of the currents at the nodes is zero, we add the rows of the obtained matrix equations and simplify the equations. As a result, we obtain an expression for calculating the potentials of points


where phcoor14_f14, phcoor14_f15 – sum of all matrix elements  Ykj, phcoor14_f17 – the sum of the elements of the matrix rows.

After calculating the potentials, the sought currents and voltages are determined.

The calculation of the considered network with isolated neutral in the Matlab environment is given in the attached file example_isolated_grid.m.

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